From the Desk of Kevin J. Todeschi
This is my update for December 2014 to A.R.E. members and friends who are interested in the new and exciting trends occurring within Edgar Cayce’s A.R.E. and Atlantic University. A number of exciting things are happening this month! Please share the following with your friends:
YOUR MONTHLY CREATE CAMPAIGN UPDATE
With just 12 months left in our $30 million CREATE Comprehensive Campaign (capital, endowment, and programs); we have just passed the $25 million mark! With the Cayce Hospital renovations successfully completed and over $6 million raised already toward our $7.5 million capital project goal, we have been focused this fall on building our endowment – currently $4 million in investments and $1 million in real estate. Happily, we received pledges to start 6 new endowment funds in the last few months! We still need to raise an additional $1.8 million for endowments before the end of the Campaign next year (December 31, 2015). Want to create your own named endowment fund for our Prison Outreach or Prayer programs? A.R.E. Camp or our schools (Atlantic University and Cayce/Reilly School of Massage)? Or a new endowment to support A.R.E. in general? You are still supporting our day-to-day program operations through your annual donations as well. We have raised well over $18 million for these great programs already! Thank you, especially for your year-end donations going to help us meet the big Matching Gift Fund.
CAYCE/REILLY® SCHOOL OF MASSAGE
The Cayce/Reilly School is winding down from a year full of change and new energy! In addition to the massage curriculum, our Continuing Education programs have become very popular. Currently, we are actively recruiting for our day and evening programs starting in January 2015 and are excited to engage with our community in many service opportunities throughout next year. If you are someone you know is interested in the incredible training that occurs at the massage school, visit: www.CayceReilly.edu for more information.
We would like to express our deep appreciation to Sheila Garrett, who provided a generous donation to the school that will allow us to provide career and educational support to military veterans as well as participate in military-based outreach and recruitment – we are honored to serve those men and women who have served our country - thank you Sheila!
THANK YOU FROM ATLANTIC UNIVERSITY
Atlantic University would like to graciously thank all of our donors for their continuous support of this vital and life transforming work. Without these donations and assistance Atlantic University would not have had so many successful graduates, new courses developed, and innovative planning for the future. Atlantic University looks forward to a prosperous future building even higher upon the platform which has been constructed. Thank you, and Happy Holidays.
If you would like to give to Atlantic University, please visit our website:http://www.atlanticuniv.edu/donate.html.
Join Us for Life: Save $250 plus Free Readings DVD-Rom. Now is the best time to increase your support of this work by becoming a Life Member. Benefits include special discounts on books, conferences, camps, and other activities, and free tuition for you and your spouse to one specially selected A.R.E. HQ conference each year to share your experience with newer members. For a limited time, we are offering the special price of $2,150 plus we’ll send you the Official Edgar Cayce Readings on DVD-Rom. We also offer a monthly payment option. To learn more, visit EdgarCayce.org/life.
Headquarters Conferences has two transformative programs on the horizon for 2015: February 27-March 1, 2015, we have Gregg Braden presenting a full-day workshop on The Turning Point: Prophecy and Revelations of the Future. Joined by John Van Auken, Lynn Sparrow Christy, and Kirk Nelson, they will explore the rapid socioeconomic, political, spiritual, and planetary changes affecting us today, and their meaning for our future. March 8-13, we have the return of Foundations in Hypnosis: Training and Certification Course, A.R.E.’s popular new certification course featuring one of our best- rated and most experienced trainers, psychologist and master hypnotist Dr. Jason Parker. This certification has limited enrollment, so early registration is encouraged. And, watch you mailboxes for our new 2015 Annual Calendar, or download it at EdgarCayce.org/Conferences
NEW FROM A.R.E. PRESS
Edgar Cayce's Guide to Colon Care. Now back in print, this classic healthcare guide, by Sandra Duggan, RN, is the definitive guidebook for the care and maintenance of your colon. As Cayce taught us, clearing your colon of years of toxic build-up is the first and most important step to more physical energy, mental clarity, and relief—and this book will empower you with easy-to-follow tips, advice, and solutions!
A.R.E. 2015 TOURS
Get ready for a fantastic tours line up for 2015 including:
- Our first ever tour to CUBA! Join John Van Auken on this one-of-a-kind journey. Visit Cuba legally on a people-to-people, cultural exchange program. This will be an opportunity like no other to experience the cultural richness and diversity of this beautiful island. January 31- February 8, 2015. Price reduced! Contact the travel programs office for details.
- Southern Spain & Morocco – Led by Peter Woodbury, April 11 -22, 2015. Also offering an optional extension to the Atlas Mountains and into the Sahara Desert, April 22-26, 2015.
- Old Quebec & Montreal – Led by Patrick and Jane Belisle, August 10-16, 2015.
- JUST ADDED: China & Tibet – Led by John Van Auken, September 15-28, 2015.
- New Mexico and Mesa Verde – Led by Don Carroll, October 24-31, 2015.
A.R.E. Camp is ready for you to start making plans to join us for the 2015 Summer! When you give the gift of Camp to yourself or your loved ones, you are giving the experience of a lifetime. Participants at A.R.E. Camp live in the majesty of the Blue Ridge Mountains and spend days filled with meditations in nature, meaningful workshops, inspired arts and crafts, late afternoon swims, plentiful home-cooked family style meals, and living the life Edgar Cayce intended for us when he began his great work. There are plenty of Camp opportunities for kids, teens, young adults, families, and adults! Register before 2015 and receive $50 off per person! View the 2015 schedule at www.EdgarCayce.org/camp. To register, call 800-333-4499 or contact Malenka Kaydan, A.R.E. Camp Manager, at Malenka@edgarcayce.org or at 757-457-7162
GIVE YOURSELF A GIFT WHILE GIVING TO A.R.E.!!
During this season of giving, take advantage of this final opportunity to participate in the very special drawing on January 2nd for unique gifts, including:
- A 50th Anniversary Edition of "There is a River" autographed by Gladys Davis Turner, Edgar Evans Cayce, Charles Thomas Cayce, Dr. Harold Reilly and other early A.R.E. luminaries
- A 75th Anniversary Edition of "There is a River" autographed by Edgar Evans Cayce, Charles Thomas Cayce and Kevin Todeschi.
HOW can you participate? Just do one of the following by December 31st and let us know!
- THE EASIEST: Name A.R.E. as beneficiary on a bank or investment account, IRA or 401K;
- Include A.R.E. as a beneficiary in your will or trust; or
- Invest in an A.R.E. Charitable Gift Annuity, with income guaranteed for life. IF YOU NEED TAX DEDUCTIONS FOR 2014, ask about the great tax benefits!
Every participant will also receive a FREE DVD of the very popular HQ Conference "Medical Intuition: Self Diagnosis and Healing with Your Body’s Energy Systems" by Dr. Norm Shealy, author of "Living Bliss: Major Discoveries along the Holistic Path" (NOT available for purchase).
Contact Susan Luscomb at 757-457-7125 or email email@example.com or Marianna Theo at 757-457-7215 or email firstname.lastname@example.org for more information!
A.R.E. BOOK AND GIFT SHOP
There are lots of exciting new developments in the Bookstore! Join us on Saturday, January 10, 2015 from 9:00 a.m. TO 5:00 p.m. for our New Year, New You - Psychic Fair for great readings and free activities all day!
As always, we’re hard at work bringing in new and exciting items and products, including several new lines from local artists and craftspeople. And we’ll soon have our very own aura camera!!! Stop in to see what we have in store for you!
HOLISTIC AGING SERIES
A free series of talks presented in cooperation with SeniorAdvocate meets monthly on the third Wednesday of each month; from 10:00 a.m. to 12:00 noon (registration opens at 9:30 a.m.). Join us for one or all of the talks in this free series. To learn more, please visit EdgarCayce.org/HolisticAging.
Our first talk is on January 21: Health & Rejuvenation: The Edgar Cayce Approach presented by Peter Van Daam. Peter is a graduate of both MIT and Brown University and is a nationally recognized pioneer in home-based education. Introduced to the psychic readings of Edgar Cayce over 40 years ago, he has been studying, applying, and sharing those concepts ever since. He lectures frequently at the A.R.E. presenting the core elements essential for building a lifestyle to rejuvenate the body and awaken the soul.
Future dates and topics:
- February 18: Spiritual Wellness presented by Peter Woodbury
- March 18: Guidance from Dreams presented by Dr. Judi Doumas Henry
- April 15: Remedies for Body, Mind, and Spirit presented by Dr. J.P. Amonte
- May 20: Our Amazing Soul Life presented by John Van Auken
- June 17: The Joy of Mindfulness and Beauty in Aging presented by Betty Davis
DOUBLE YOUR DONATION…HELP MEET OUR MATCH BY DECEMBER 31!
As I hope you read in the letter you got from me recently, some of our longtime members have pooled their resources to create a $125,000 Matching Gift Fund! They will match all NEW donations to the Good Karma Club ($20+ per month) and the Golden Circle ($1,000+ per year), AND they will match any INCREASED Golden Circle-level donations (bump up to $2,500, $5,000, or $10,000+) up to $125,000 before December 31. Essentially, when you give more than you did last year, your donation will be matched dollar for dollar! Will you help us get the full Match? Donate here: https://commerce.solutrix.com/are/aresecure/donate2011.asp.
Did you have a good year in the stock market? Remember, you can donate appreciated stocks and avoid capital gains taxes. http://www.edgarcayce.org/donate/gifts_of_Stock.html.
p.s. Nearly 40% of A.R.E.’s income comes from your donations. You DO make a difference here.
WISHING YOU AND YOUR FAMILY A BLESSED AND BEAUTIFUL HOLIDAY SEASON!
Ever the same,
Kevin J. Todeschi
Executive Director and CEO
Spending the Night in the Great Pyramid
By Ann Jaffin, MS
In November 1976, I went on my first A.R.E. overseas tour to Egypt, Jordan, and Israel. This fabulous adventure with over 100 participants was led by Hugh Lynn Cayce, the elder son of Edgar Cayce. With special permission, small groups of our members were allowed to spend the night in the King’s Chamber of the Great Pyramid! I eagerly volunteered and, although sleeping on a thin mat on a very dusty stone floor was uncomfortable, I was so excited that nothing else mattered.
We were locked inside the pyramid for the night with a portable toilet around the corner. Our group voted to have a candle lit since when the electricity was turned off, this mysterious chamber was totally and completely dark. Mark Lehner, who has become a renowned Egyptologist, told us that if any problem arose, we should just say “Zahi, Zahi” to the guards. For many years, Dr. Zahi Hawass was the senior official in charge of the monuments on the Giza Plateau. Mark went on to help measure and map the Sphinx with great detail and accuracy and to lead the excavation of the Lost City of the Pyramids where the workers who built these wonders had lived.
Recently I came across the notes I made during the night I spent in the pyramid:
- Our chanting sounded like pipe organs.
- During meditation, something brushed the bridge of my nose. Could it be a fly or a mosquito? (Or something else more ethereal, I now wonder.)
- Our pyramid-shaped candle cast a shadow on the wall that was shaped like a hooded figure.
- At some time, I thought I heard a dog whine. (Interesting in view of my dream below.)
The Great Pyramid
Despite sleeping poorly, I recorded a dream that revealed some of my anxiety about this unique experience:
I dreamed we were in a pyramid in Tibet. A wild and mangy dog got in the gates and came in where we were up on top of small picnic tables. I was afraid. The dogs ate and growled, and I turned over two tables in fright. Somehow I crossed the room, but I wanted to get back to where I had been. The guards were Arabs with rifles, and we all wondered how the dogs had gotten in. By the time we left, we felt better about the dogs.
During our stay in Cairo, our tour members were able to participate in three psychic experiments designed to test the effects of the Great Pyramid on clairvoyance, telepathy, and dreams:
- After meditating in the Great Pyramid, we were asked to sketch or write a description of the contents of a sealed envelope. Then after meditating outside of the Great Pyramid, we were asked to do the same thing with a different sealed envelope.
- We were asked to record our dreams, knowing that each night that we were in Cairo, Charles Thomas Cayce, Edgar Cayce’s grandson, would pray for all of us whether or not we were sleeping in the Great Pyramid. While praying, Charles Thomas would be looking at a target picture. Later, our dreams were examined to see if the target picture had been incorporated into them, and whether or not this occurred more frequently for dreamers sleeping inside or outside of the pyramid.
- Those who chose to sleep in the pyramid were asked to seek a dream by formulating a question focused on either our group’s common spiritual purposes or on a personal concern.
After we returned home and the results of the experiments were analyzed, Charles Thomas wrote a letter to the group outlining some of the results:
- With the picture-drawing experiment, there was no difference in the number of ESP hits inside or outside of the pyramid.
- With the dream telepathy experiment, there were more hits outside of the pyramid than inside it.
It seemed that the pyramid shielded individuals inside the King’s Chamber from outside influences. Since the Cayce readings say that the Great Pyramid was a temple of initiation in which Jesus and John the Baptist underwent spiritual training and had mystical experiences, it would seem that shielding initiates from external influences would have been very important.
Ann Jaffin, MS, a life member and field volunteer of A.R.E., has been a member of an A Search for God study group for 40 years. Retired from the federal government, Ann has a master’s degree in Family and Community Development from the University of Maryland. In addition to writing several articles for Venture Inward magazine, she is the author of the book Past Lives and Present Karma. She is a frequent speaker at A.R.E. events, a dedicated user of Cayce’s remedies and therapies, and she has traveled the world, often with A.R.E. Travel & Tours.
Ann and her late husband Stan were stunned to discover out that several members of Stan's extended family had Cayce readings. They identified readings for 20 family members and 14 friends and interviewed the recipients all over the U.S. and in Europe. You can learn more about the Jaffin family in our Virtual Library under the Jaffin Family Archives and Research Project.
The Spirit of Thanksgiving
By Brenton Bickerstaff
On November 20, 1938, Edgar Cayce was asked to give a reading for Study Group #1 to give them a greater appreciation of the true spirit of Thanksgiving. It was a challenging time, with different issues including a looming war. The world was filled with hatred, fear, and uncertainty. I’d like to paraphrase the text of Reading 3976-21. Although Thanksgiving is a holiday unique to the American spirit, the idea of giving thanks is a universal theme celebrated the world over, transcending social and cultural boundaries. My hope is that it will fill you with inspiration and a deeper appreciation of Thanksgiving.
Members of the first A Search for God group
The reading began with the importance of finding a daily appreciation of life itself, the ebb and flow, the opportunities for spiritual growth offered to us through our interaction with all those we meet. Cayce stated that the Creative Forces, often referred to as God, are in constant motion, working through us to facilitate a deeper appreciation of all things.
He reminds the group to remember and honor the lives and experiences of the special group of souls who refused to waver in their purpose and ideals of establishing a nation built upon equality and freedom. Those colonists who first shared land with the local natives were constantly reminded not to just be thankful on days of plenty, but also the importance of remaining thankful in times when in each moment they were given only what was sufficient for that day. In those trying times, it was essential that they remember to give thanks for all the joys, the sorrows, the disappointments, and the hopes for the future.
Cayce reminds us that we are the torch bearers, the chosen ones to carry on the American spirit by working together for peace. We are encouraged to give thanks for our differences, and find strength in our diversity. We are a global family with a shared ideal of unity, cooperation, and mutual respect. This idea of Thanksgiving must be in the mind and heart of each soul, as we respect all of our unique paths and embrace opportunities to support each other. It is not by judging and condemning our political leaders that we will find our answers, but rather in daily Thanksgiving for the opportunity to participate in the process that helps create and evolve an ideal-driven experiment that is the United States of America.
In this great country, we are given opportunities—ones not afforded to much of the world—to put into practice the ideals our country was initially founded upon. This is the true spirit of Thanksgiving: to give thanks for the chance to lift the spirits of those around us who have lost focus, and those who have become unappreciative of our opportunities and the basic freedoms we enjoy. Thanksgiving is a reminder that every day is an opportunity to rededicate ourselves to an ideal-driven life full of purpose and passion; a day to remind us to see the living God in all that we encounter on our path. A day when each of us may give thanks for simply being alive!
As we give thanks—in the spirit of love, truth, patience, and compassion—we will receive the gift of greater awareness and understanding. Our lives will fill with the fruits of our labor, wisdom, and depth of clarity in our purpose for being alive now. Synchronicities will provide guidance and light our path.
Cayce reminds us of the ideals established in the early days of the American colonies: “In this land you may give praise for freedom of speech, for the opportunities to raise your voice in whatever way and manner you choose…Then, as you give thanks, as you give praise to your friends for kindnesses, for gentleness, for those things that make your experience more bearable in a cruel world… Let your heart then be glad.” (From reading 3976-21)
Far too often, I find myself forgetting to appreciate the basic human rights acknowledged in our country’s constitution. I always have to take a step back and extend my heartfelt prayers to all those at home and around the globe suffering from oppression, discrimination, and inequality—as I also remember to forgive myself for any oppressive acts and remain open-minded and of service to all who are in need. I also want to give thanks to all those who selflessly step in to protect the many freedoms we enjoy in our beautiful nation; all the servicemen and women who work tirelessly to protect our basic rights. As individuals, we may label ourselves insignificant, but this could not be further from the truth. As we bring change in the hearts of individuals, we enact change on a large scale.
I strive daily to maintain an attitude of gratitude—thankful for the blessings received, but also thankful for the struggles I encounter, for these are opportunities to grow in depth of awareness. Only by applying what we have learned can we find deeper meaning in life and strengthen our purpose, opening ourselves to a life of greater love and compassion.
Let each raise his voice in Thanksgiving for all that has, that may come to pass in the experience of each soul that prays, "Your will, O God, be done in me—now. Not as I will, but as You would have me go."
Brenton Bickerstaff is the host of Reflections: The Wisdom of Edgar Cayce internet television and radio talk show. He moved to Virginia Beach from Florida to work with Edgar Cayce's A.R.E. in 2012. He has been a student of the Edgar Cayce readings as well as other metaphysical and esoteric wisdom teachings since he was a teenager, with a special interest in educating and empowering teens and young adults to find their spiritual path.
The Opposite of War and
the Secret of Creativity
By Meryl Ann Butler
» Select images to see larger version
What is the opposite of war?
If you ask 100 people what the opposite of war is, almost all will reply "peace." Then, if you ask them to describe peace, you'll get at least 99 answers explaining what peace is not.
It's not violence. It's not terrorism.
And it's definitely not war.
Even the Merriam-Webster Dictionary defines peace in terms of what it is not: "freedom from war, or a stopping of war."
But these do not describe what peace is.
The inadequacies of our cultural descriptions of peace make it appear insubstantial and listless. Nevertheless, everyone seems to agree that peace would be good for us. But like Brussels sprouts or going to the dentist, it certainly doesn't seem very attractive.
D.H. Lawrence voiced our apprehensions about peace, "But then peace, peace! I am so mistrustful of it: so much afraid that it means a sort of weakness, and giving in."
And that is exactly what gives warmongers their stronghold. The exciting adventure of war seems far more thrilling than a frail and wimpy peace. And indeed, perilous experiences—such as those encountered in war—can offer many more opportunities to meet the Divine, face-to-face, than an uneventful existence. As often happens, there are jewels hidden in the dung.
Still, I think we can do better.
The first step is to move away from an anti-war consciousness in which we fight against that which is unwanted. And the next step is to move forward in crafting a strong image of what is desired.
How many times have peace activists protested war without replacing the image of war with an equally strong depiction of the attributes of peace? In the absence of this vision, peace activists actually contribute more substance to what they are protesting. This is why Mother Teresa said, "I was once asked why I don't participate in anti-war demonstrations. I said that I will never do that, but as soon as you have a pro-peace rally, I'll be there."
This dichotomy is reflected in our own government. Revolutionary patriots, including George Washington, inventor Benjamin Banneker, and Benjamin Rush (Declaration of Independence signer and one of the bankrollers of the Revolutionary War) called for a cabinet level Secretary of Peace, but this position was never created. However, we have had a Department of War since 1789 (renamed the Department of Defense in 1949). Former Congressman Dennis Kucinich (D-OH) spearheaded several bills for a Department of Peace, including H.R. 808 in 2007, and in 2013 Congresswoman Barbara Lee (D-CA) revitalized that quest. But we have no Department of Peace yet.
Imagine the kind of world we would be living in if a Department of Peace had cabinet-level authority and a budget that equaled that of the Department of Defense! Perhaps the impetus for that reality must rise up from “we, the people.”
In order to have peace, live in peace, and thrive in peace, our collective image of a dynamic and exciting peace must be developed so that it becomes more substantial and more attractive than a vision of war. And to do that, we must identify what a thriving peaceful world looks like. As Cayce said, “Mind is the builder”!
The essence of war is destruction. Therefore, its opposite is not peace, but creativity, which offers thrilling and deeply soulful nourishment to our bodies, minds, and spirits.
Peace is simply the byproduct of a dynamically creative society. It’s not the goal. So if we’ve set our sights on peace, we’ve set them too low.
A truly peace-full civilization is characterized by a dynamic dance of both practical and artistic creativity that nourishes the soul and elevates the spirit, sending a ripple effect of wellbeing throughout humanity.
While creativity includes the obvious variety of artistic expressions, such as painting, writing, music and theater, it includes more humble activities, too.
Most everyone has experienced a connection with at least one of the arts that made the heart leap and the spirit sing, perhaps by viewing a painting, hearing a song, or attending a theater production. This is the kind of art that triggers an endorphin dance that thrills our souls and helps connect us with the best that we can be!
Edgar Cayce said that the process of creativity and psychic development are two aspects of the same thing. And it makes sense that as someone expresses or appreciates creativity, they become more attuned to the creativity of the divine. After all, what is the God of Genesis, if not a creative artist?
But creativity is not limited to the formal expression of visual or performing arts. It also includes activities that we are engaged in when there is joy in our hearts—from the selection of ingredients to mix together for soup to the planting of a garden. Many of our daily activities can be a product of inspired imagination and purposeful creativity. And getting three kids to their separate after-school activities simultaneously can require as much problem-solving creativity as painting the Mona Lisa!
Peace is the inherent result of an enthusiastic and creative society, and naturally accompanies any golden age of artistic expression and joyful creativity. Who can imagine people who are deliciously engaged in daily, blissful, creative expression, ever wanting to tear themselves away to step toward war?
Passion and exhilaration are the pumps that keep the essences of life circulating, and the human animal is engineered to gravitate toward whatever will enhance the fullness of the life experience. So as we create a consensual vision of a dynamic and fulfilling peaceful society that is more exhilarating than war, we also invent a new kind of world, a world where people will begin to salute the world’s artists and thank them for their service to society.
And the more attuned to the creative divine we become, the further we find ourselves from an attunement with war.
So, plant peonies, bake brownies, paint pictures, sing songs, and pen poetry. Make a quilt—they aren't called "comforters" for nothing! Join in the interwoven heartbeat of a community drum circle. Dance like nobody's watching. Take a class in a creative pursuit that you have dreamed of exploring—like scrapbooking, acting, or pottery. And the ripple effects of your own creative joy will surround the planet!
Or find another creator's artistic expression that brings you happiness, and have fun appreciating it at a museum, a playhouse, craft fair, or in the words of a book. Einstein noted that it was impossible to simultaneously prevent and prepare for war. And that is because we can only dance in one place on the creation/destruction continuum at any given moment.
Every single choice we make that supports creativity and the arts takes us one step further from war and destruction, and that much closer to birthing a peaceful world that bursts with creativity and joyful wellbeing!
All illustrations are the copyrighted work of the author, Meryl Ann Butler. http://www.merylannbutler.com. An earlier version of this article was published on Opednews.com as “New Years' Musings on the Opposite of War: It's Not What You Think!”
Meryl Ann Butler is an award-winning artist, author, editor, labyrinth builder, speaker, and Renaissance woman who has offered presentations at A.R.E. since 1986. Her artwork hangs in hundreds of collections around the world, including those of Caroline Myss, Dr. C. Norman Shealy, Dr. Patch Adams, and the late Nelson Mandela. She is managing editor and arts/images editor of OpEdNews.com, which is ranked in the world’s “Top 100 Blogs” by Technorati, and where her contributions have received over 900,000 views.
Join Meryl Ann at the Annual A.R.E. New Year’s Conference, Dec. 29-31, 2014, The Creative Edge: A Hands-on Retreat for Inspiring and Unleashing Your Dynamic, Intuitive Self!, where she will be facilitating an exciting workshop entitled, “Creativity and Joyful Expressions of Spirit: Integrative Intuition.” Other expert guides in the conference include Henry Reed, Robin Wimbiscus, Judith Stevens, Kirk Nelson, Elizabeth Waitekus, and more; so ring in the New Year with like-minded friends old and new at this traditional gathering which includes a festive party with music, dancing, and refreshments and a peaceful midnight meditation.
Edgar Cayce’s A.R.E. blog offers opinion pieces from contributors with a wide variety of backgrounds. These opinions are valued and create points of discussion. Opinions expressed in our blog may not necessarily represent the opinion of A.R.E.